Three athletics officials have had their life bans upheld by the Court of Arbitration for Sport (CAS).
This is in relation to an alleged doping cover-up done by Papa Massata Diack, son of ex-IAAF president Lamine Diack, Valentin Balakhnichev and Alexei Melnikov all from Russia.
The trio appealed their life ban but CAS has dismissed their appeal meaning they will serve the ban.
The three athletics officials were charged in December 2015 for multiple breaches of anti-doping rules relating to Russia’s Liliya Shobukhova.
In a 170-page report, the independent IAAF ethics commission panel said Diack, Balakhnichev and Melnikov conspired to “blackmail” Shobukhova to cover up her doping violations by her paying them “bribes” of about £435,000.
Diack and Balakhnichev, a former president of the Russian athletics federation and IAAF treasurer, were fined £17,000 while Russian coach Melnikov was fined £10,000.
In December Diack, a former IAAF marketing consultant, told the BBC he “totally rejects” the blackmail allegations, saying: “There was no extortion of funds from any athlete”.
The IAAF also indicated that they ‘welcome’ the CAS ruling with Lord Coe saying; “The ruling sends a clear message that anyone who attempts to corrupt our sport will be brought to justice”.
CAS released a statement on Monday saying; “The panel concluded that on the evidence adduced, the charges were established beyond reasonable doubt and that the sanctions imposed should be upheld”.
“The full award with grounds will be published as soon as possible”, the statement added”.